There is no doubt in calling Glaucoma “The Silent Thief of Sight” if one understands what does it mean? Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness around the world says the World Health Organization (WHO).
Glaucoma is a condition where there will be a loss of eyesight due to the damage of the optic nerve which is in the back of the eye. The optic nerve is the one that supplies visual information from the eyes to the brain. If it is not properly treated, there will be a continuous loss in the vision, leading to total blindness over time.
Though it is not always but Glaucoma is mainly the result of anomalous pressure inside the eye. As the pressure continues it will erode the optic nerve tissue which may lead to loss of vision or even total blindness. So, if it’s caught early gives a chance to prevent more loss of vision.
What Causes Glaucoma?
The rear of the eye consistently makes a clear liquid called aqueous humor. As this liquid is made it fills the front portion of the eye. At that point, it leaves your eye through channels in the cornea and iris. If these channels are somewhat obstructed, create a natural pressure in the eye, called the intraocular pressure (IOP) that may increase. As your IOP builds, your optic nerve may get harmed. As harm to your nerve advances, you may start losing sight in your eye.
What causes the pressure in your eye to increase isn’t completely clear. But, specialists believe at least one of these variables may play a role:
· dilating eye drops
· blocked or restricted drainage in the eye
· medications, such as corticosteroids
· poor or reduced blood flow to the optic nerve
· high blood pressure
What are the Symptoms of Glaucoma?
Primary open-angle glaucoma is the most common type of glaucoma. It has no major signs or symptoms except for the gradual loss of vision. This is the reason it is important to get the eyes examined by an ophthalmologist or eye specialist every year, who can check any changes in the vision.
Acute angle-closure glaucoma or narrow-angle glaucoma is a medical emergency. The following are symptoms that ring the bell to visit a doctor
· severe eye pain
· redness in your eye
· sudden vision disturbances
· seeing colored rings around lights
· suddenly blurred eyes
Thus, the most ideal approach to get sort of glaucoma early is to have a yearly preventive eye care arrangement. Make an appointment with an ophthalmologist. Basic tests performed during these normal eye checks might have the option to distinguish harm from glaucoma before it advances and starts causing vision loss.